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يتكون من عدة اقسام علمية
 
الرئيسيةالبوابةاليوميةس .و .جبحـثالأعضاءالمجموعاتالتسجيلدخول
نحن الان نقدم لكم منتدى علمى مفيد جدا و من يسجل يكون له حق المشاركة و منتدانا يجيب و يساعد الاعضاء فى الابحاث فمن يطلب بحث سوف يكون موجود خلال 24 ساعة و يقدم مساعدة للباحثين فى كل نواحى العلوم فقط اترك موضوع اكتب فيه ما تحتاجه و سوف تجده فى القسم الذى ينتمى اليه و يمكنكم مراسلتى على الايميل doctor_riham31@yahoo.com سوف أجيب على ما تحتاجونه مع خالص الاحترام . احبائي اعضاء المنتدى سوف اغيب عن المنتدى ولن ادخله كثيراً لظروف ابحاثي و دروسي و يا ريت تعتنوا بيه .
تم عمل تعديلات جديدة للمنتدي وتشمل ( اضافة أقسام جديدة - ستايل جديد ورائع للمنتدي - عمل شات احترافي للمنتدي اسفل الصفحة الرئيسية - تلوين اقسام المنتدي واضافة صورة لكل قسم ) ونرجو أن تلقي هذه التعديلات اعجابكم ويمكنكم ارسال مقترحاتكم حول تطوير المنتدي الينا لدعمنا ومساعدتنا في عرض المنتدي بأحسن صورة ولا تبخلوا علينا بها .. شكرا لكم .. الإدارة
عادة يتم تفعيل حسابات الأعضاء الغير مفعله خلال 48 ساعة كحد أقصي من خلال الادارة 48

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 المنهج كامل 2ث ج6

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عدد المساهمات : 79
تاريخ التسجيل : 28/09/2012
العمر : 21

مُساهمةموضوع: المنهج كامل 2ث ج6   الخميس نوفمبر 01, 2012 10:30 pm

Find the mistakes and correct them:
I predict catching the bus because I get up early
I do not have a car so I could not give you a lift.
How long have he been learning English.
I would like you lending me your book .
I can not tell you the true because I do not know it .
He said let us going for a walk.
It is forbid to smoke here
A laboratory is used for make experiments
Microscope enables us examine very small things.
I had a cup of tea every morning
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A) Translate into Arabic:
The engineers' job is a hard one. They work outside in the heat with noise of machinery. But, they make the infrastructure of the nation. The roads, bridges and dams that they build will be good for their country.
b) Translate into English :
إن زيادة الإنتاج هي السبيل الوحيد لبناء المجتمع المثالي الذي نسعى إليه.

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Grammar

Used to + inf اعتاد أن
فعــل ( يعبر عن عادة كانت تحدث فى الماضى ولم تعد تحدث الآن )
I used to play football when I was young. He used to be a driver, but now he isn’t.
Didn't use to + inf في النفى نستخـدم :ـ
I didn't use to play football when I was young. He didn't use to be fat but now he is.
Did +فاعل + use to + inf. .. وفي الإستفهام نستخـدم :ـ
Did she use to cry a lot when she was a baby?
am / is / are used to (v + ing) معتاد على
صفــة ( تعبر عن عادة تحدث فى الحاضر )
I'm used to playing football . = I usually play football.
am – is- are + فاعل + used to + (v + ing) ..? وفي الإستفهام نستخـدم :ـ
Is he used to playing football ?
تستخدم no longer بدلا مـن used to ويأتي بعدها الفعل في المضارع البسيط المثبت:
He used to live here. (no longer)
He no longer lives here.
تستخدم any more ـany longer بدلا من used to مع نفى الفعل في المضارع البسيط و تأتى في نهاية الجملة:
He used to live here. (any more)
He doesn’t live here any more.
Used to + inf Used for + ( v +ing )
Used to + inf يستخـدم ( يأتى بعدها الفعل فى المصدر )
Wood is used to make furniture.
Used for +(v + ing) يستخـدم ( يأتى بعدها الفعل مضافا إليه ing )
Wood is used for making furniture.




so + صفـة + that + جمـله كـاملة


The student is very clever. He can answer the question easily.
The student is so clever that he can answer the question easily.
لاحــظ : إذا جـاءت so فـى أول الجمــلة تكــون علـى صيغـة إستفهـام .
So clever is the student that he can answer the question easily. ( such )



such a ( an ) + ( اسـم + صفـة )or اسـم ) ) + that + جمـلة كـاملـة


He is such a clever student that he can answer the question easily.
لاحــظ : إذا جـاءت such فى أول الجمــلة تكـون علـى صيغـة إستفهـام .
Such a clever student is he that he can answer the question easily. ( has )
He has such cleverness that he can answer the question easily. ( enough )
هـذه الجملة Complex و عنـد تحويلهـا إلـى Simple نستخـدم :ـ


صفــــة + enough to + inf ( المصـــد ر )

كـاف لدرجة أن ........ ( تـأتى فـى الإثبـات وتعنـى القـدرة ) .
The student is clever enough to answer the question easily.




too + adj ( صفــــة ) + to + inf ( المصــــدر )

لدرجـة أن ....... لا ( تأتى فـى النفـى وتعنـى الإستحالـة ) .
The man is so weak that he can't carry the stone. ( too … )
The man is too weak to carry the stone. ( enough )
عنـد إستخـدام enough بـدلا مـن too نأتى بعكـس الصفـة منفـى .
He is not strong enough to carry the stone.
The boy is too stupid to answer the question. ( enough )
The boy is not clever enough to answer the question.

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Exercise
Find the mistake in each of the following sentences and write it correctly:
John is used to driving a ten-year-old small car, but now he drives a big new one.
When I was young, I am used to have a phobia of spiders, but now I don't.
I don't use to play computer games, but now I play them occasionally.
When I was in Alexandria, I am used to going swimming every day.
Where did you used to go for holiday when you were a child?
He isn't used to having any guests, but now he has parties every weekend.
They don't use to go camping for a holiday, but now they stay in the best hotels.
People used to work very long hours, but now they work so many hours.
The cities are used to being smaller, but now they are much bigger.
People are used to travelling by horse and cart, but now they travel by cars.
Find the mistake in each of the following sentences and write it correctly:
It is too a polluted area that no one can live there.
The area is so polluted for anyone to live there.
She is such young to drive a car.
There was so much noise in the street for me to concentrate.
There was enough a lot of noise in the street that I couldn’t concentrate.
The clothes were too expensive for her that she could buy.
This project is such complicated that we can’t take it on.
She spoke such softly that no one could hear her
There is enough much work for one person to handle.
The food was such delicious that we ate it all.
It is too a polluted area that no one can live there.
The area is so polluted for anyone to live there.
She is such young to drive a car.
There was so much noise in the street for me to concentrate.
There was enough a lot of noise in the street that I couldn’t concentrate.
The clothes were too expensive for her that she could buy.
This project is such complicated that we can’t take it on.
She spoke such softly that no one could hear her
There is enough much work for one person to handle.
The food was such delicious that we ate it all.
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Test 8

A- Language Functions
1) Respond to the following situations:
1. A friend wants to know what job you would like to do when you leave school.
2. A friend asks you why you'd like to be a doctor.
3. Your teacher asks you why you enjoy learning English.
4. A relative wants to know the best thing about your school.
2) Say where these mini dialogues take place and who the speakers are:
1- A: Why are you throwing this rubbish here?
B: Well, what would you like me to do with it?
A: You should put it in the garbage bin.

2- A: Excuse me, do you have these trousers in a larger size.
B: Just one moment, madam. I'll check.
A: Thank you.
B- Vocabulary and Structutre
3) Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:

I don’t watch TV everyday any more, but I …………………… do that years ago.
a- am used to b- used to c- was used to d- don't use to
………………….. he used to waking up so early?
a- Does b- Did c- Is d- Was
……………….. they use to eat junk food when they were at university?
a- Is b- Are c- Do d- Did
My brother …………………. have a beard but now he only has a moustache.
a- is used to b- no longer c- used to d- used
When we were children, our father………………….. to take us sailing on Sundays.
a- was used b– doesn't use c– is used d- used
He …………………………. eating out as he doesn't enjoy cooking at home.
a- is used to b- was used c- is used for d- no longer
She ……………………….. writes to us.
a- used to b- no longer c- any longer d- is used to
She used to have long hair but now she …………………..
a- isn't b- doesn’t c- wasn't d- couldn't.
Many people have holidays ……………………… on rivers or lakes.
a- canoeing b- camping c- wrestling d- boxing
This shop is open every day …………………………. Fridays.
a- expect for b- accept for c- except for d- concept for
The city is flooded because it has rained …………………. for the last three days.
a- continuously b- conveniently c- comfortably d- courageously
In some countries, young men have to join the …………….. and train for a year.
a- academy b- economy c- stormy d- army
There is a wonderful ………………………. of old books in our town library.
a- collection b- reflection c- election d- conviction
Before you can be in a film or play, you have to learn to ………………………..
a- react b- abstract c- act d- attract
My cousins look exactly the same. They are ……………………………. twins.
a- identical b- arithmetical c- archaeological d- chemical)
I bought my sister a gold …………………….. as a wedding present.
a- reckless b- necklace c- jobless d- senseless
4) Find the mistake in each of the following sentences and write it correctly:
He’s not used to drink so much coffee.
He doesn't smoke no longer.
The job was difficult enough for him to do.
The tests are vertical to those carried out last year. They are exactly the same.
Computer-controlled robots are taking over annual jobs in many industries.
He was able to provide the police with some valueless information. This helped them to solve the crime.


(C) Reading Comprehension and Set Books
5) Read and complete the table:
To park a car is a tiring problem in a city. Parking problems are worse between 8 and 10 o'clock am and so is driving in rush hours. We should reduce traffic in the centre. Parks should be built just outside the city centre. People can leave their cars there, and catch a bus to their offices. Another solution is to build multiple storey garages. Fly-over bridges and underground railways will also solve the problem of crossroads.


Problem Solution
(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5) (6)


6) Read the following passage, then answer the questions:
Samer lived with his parents until he was twenty four years old, and then he got a job in an office of a big factory in another town, so he left home. He found a little flat and lived there on his own. At first he cleaned it himself, but after a few weeks he asked Mrs Leila to help him. She promised to come to clean his flat for an hour ever morning. After she had been working for Samer for two weeks, one evening, he looked at the mirror in his bedroom and thought, "that mirror looks very dusty. Mrs Leila's forgotten to clean it. I can write on the dust with my finger!"
Before he left for work in the morning, he wrote this message on the dusty mirror "I cough whenever I breathe because everything in this room is dusty" when he got home that evening, he looked at the mirror and wondered why she hadn't cleaned it. Then he bent down and saw a bottle in front of the mirror he picked the bottle up and looked at it carefully. Mrs Leila had written some words on it. He read the words "cough Medicine" and he couldn't make head nor tail.
A) Answer the following questions:
Why did Samer leave his parents' home?
What caused Samer to cough?
How did Samer know that Mrs Leila had read his message?
What do you think of Mrs Leila? Why?
B) Choose the correct answer from a, b, c, or d:
Samer found the mirror dirty, after Mrs Leila had been working for …
a) fortnight b) a year c) a month d)fifteen days
To ask Mrs Leila to clean the mirror, Samer …
a) wrote a letter b) telephoned her d) spoke to her c) wrote his thought on the mirror
When Samer read the words on the bottle, he …
a) was confused b) was happy c) was interested d) took the medicine

D- The Novel
E- Writing
Cool Write a reply to the following letter:
It is from your Syrian friend Jomana. Your name is Asmaa and you live at 13, Horreya
street, Heliopoiis,
Dear Asmaa,
How nice it is to remember the happy old days. Six months have passed since we last met. I've got some good news for you. I joined the faculty of Fine Arts. "My studies take up all my time but I'm looking forward to coming for the summer holidays. Tell me how things are going along. What faculty have you joined in Cairo? How are you going on with your studies? You promised to visit our country soon. If so, let me know.
Yours sincerely
Jomana


Write a paragraph of seven lines about: للفائقين
Means of entertainment

F- Translation
9) A- Translate into Arabic:
Young men, nowadays, don't know how to spend their leisure time profitably. They often waste their time keeping company with bad people who spoil their character. They sometimes fall into bad habits which may ruin their health and make them lead a miserable life.
B- Translate into English:
1- إن تحويل الصحراء إلى أرض خضراء يساعـد على زيادة الدخل القومى وتوفيـر فرص العمـل للشبـاب.
2- تصدر بلادنا الكثير من المنتجات الجيدة إلي الخارج في كل عام.






bronze medal ميدالية برونزية publicize يقوم با لدعاية لـ water skiing التزلج علي الماء
judo الجودو workout تمرين قبيل المسابقة novel رواية
benefit يستفيد / يفيد / فائدة chessboard لوحة الشطرنج poem قصيدة
career مهنة appreciate يُقدر gloves قفاز
take place يحدث religious ديني cycling ركوب الدراجات
highlight الجزءالأفضل من شيء sportsman شخص رياضي water sports العاب مائية
amateur هاوي theme الفكرة أو الموضوع entertainment الترفيه
take care of يعتني بـ opponent خصم target هدف
take off تقلع ـ يخلع a sports festival مهرجان رياضي hobbies هوايات
exercise تمرين رياضي ـ يتمرن implement = carry out ينفذ creation خلق / تكوين
take part in يشترك في drop يُسقط involve يتضمن
boxing الملاكمة gymnastic رياضي أو متعلق بالجمباز throw يرمي
professional محترف endure يتحمل sports clothes ملابس رياضية
festival مهرجان anchor يُثَبت attend يحضر
skim the surface of water
ينزلق علي سطح
الماء a long distance runner عداء مسافات طويلة the Football World Cup كأس العالم لكرة القدم
regularly بانتظام publicity دعاية ـ شهرة ـ شعبية collaboration تعاون
take turns يأخذ دوره في عمل شيء destroy يدمر self-motivation حافز أو دافع ذاتي
sportswoman سيدة رياضية excel يتفوق focus بؤرة ـ يركز ـ موضع اهتمام
the Olympics الألعاب الأولمبية athletes رياضيون relevant ملائم ـ متعلق بالموضوع
achievements انجازات race سباق hero بطل
rival = competitor منافس conquer يتغلب علي / يغزو circles دوائر
international دولي include يشمل electrical goods سلع كهربائية
unfortunately للأسف / لسوء الحظ archaeologist عالم آثار growing economy اقتصاد متنامي
other than غير / ما عدا individual فرد / فردي wheat القمح
equal opportunities فرص متكافئة break a record يحطم رقم قياسي silk الحرير
endurance التحمل try a new sport يجرب رياضة جديدة a warm welcome ترحيب حار
host يستضيف / مضيف qualities صفات globalization العولمة
identity هوية equal chances فرص متكافئة travel by sea يسافر بحرا
nowadays في الوقت الحاضر continual مستمر hunt for food يصطاد للغذاء
impact = effect تأثير a professional coach مدرب محترف spices التوابل
require = need يتطلب / يحتاج reputation سمعة scenery مناظر طبيعية
muscles عضلات confusion ارتباك champion بطل
pollute يلوث linesman مساعد الحكم referee حكم
BC قبل الميلاد a choice اختيار TV coverage تغطية تليفزيونية
stadium الإستاد accommodation الإقامة heroine بطلة
heavenly religions الأديان السماوية local transport مواصلات محلية make sacrifices يقدم تضحيات
discovery اكتشاف security امن self-control ضبط النفس
ordinary people الناس العاديون alternative بديل concentration تركير
fitness اللياقة interests اهتمامات / ميول characteristics خواص / صفات
chess الشطرنج comparison مقارنة the Olympic sign الرمز الاولمبي
contact by e-mail يتصل بالبريد الالكتروني shake يهز / يرج the Pan Arab Games دورة الألعاب العربية
play اللعب / يلعب foundation أساس rely on = depend on يعتمد علي
celebrate يحتفل sports facilities تسهيلات رياضية caravan قافلة

global trade التجارة العالمية imported goods سلع مستوردة individuality الفردية
industry الصناعة contradiction تناقض pollution التلوث
route طريق exist يوجد misunderstanding سوء فهم
travel by air يسافر جوا commerce التجارة get started يبدأ
netball لعبة كرة الشبكة radical change تغيير جذري image صورة
motorized transport النقل بالعربات talent موهبة championship بطولة


Language notes


Sports
Do – play sports يمارس الرياضة
I should play ( do ) sports to get fit.
sports relating to sport صفـة تاتى قبل الاسم
It's the school sports day on Monday.
sportsman الرياضى
He'll be remembered both as a brilliant footballer and as a true sportsman.
sporty صفة تأتى قبل للاسم
We are a very sporty family.


Every each
Every كل ( صفة يأتى بعدها إسم )
Every syudent should do his best to get high marks.
each كل ( صفة يأتى بعدها إسم أو تحل محل الإسم )
Every syudent should do his best to get high marks.
All friends attended the party, each gave her a present.

goal
achieve a goal يحقـق هـدف ( في الحيـاة )
He did his best to achieve his goal.
score a goal يسجـل هـدف ( في مبـاراة مثلا )
The player scored two goals last match.

Provide
Provide something for يوفـر شـيء لـ
The government should provide job opportunities for young men.
Provide someone with يمـد أو يـزود شخـص بـ
The government should provide young men with job opportunities.

invent discover explore

invent يخترع شىء جديد لم يكن موجود من قبل
Edison invented the electrical lamb.
discover يكتشف شىء كان موجـود ولكنة غير معروف
Newten discovered gravity.
explore يستكشف شىء غريب و يعرف شىء عنه
It is said that Columbus landed on America and explored it .

appear - seem ( to be ) + صفــــة or ( صفــــة +إســــم )
يبـدو
He appears / seems ( to be ) clever. He appears / seems ( to be ) a clever man.

لاحــظ :- يمكـــن استخـــدام to be اختيـاريا بعدهمـا.

insist
insist يصــر على
She insisted that he should leave .
insist that + فاعـل + should + مصـدر
He insisted on seeing her .


win beat gain earn
win ــ يكسب ( كأس ـ مبـاراة ـ انتخـابات ) يفوز
Egypt will win the cup I hope.
beat يهـزم ـ يتغـلب على ( شخـص أو فـريق )
America could beat Sadam.
gain يكتسب ـــ يحصل على شىء معنوى مفيد ( خبـرة ـ معـرفة معلـومات ـ شهرة )
You gained a lot of information from the conference .
وتشير إلى زيادة فى ( الوزن ـ السرعة ـ الكمية)
Ali gained 3 kilos in weight in the last month. The plane gained speed to take off .
earn يكسب ( قوت أو رزق ) مقابل عمل
People work hard to earn money. He works hard to earn his living .


Expressions


مهرجان الساحة والتسوق tourism and shopping festival يدير الالعاب الاولمبية run the olympic games
علي نطاق محدود on a small scale الالعاب الاولمبية the olympic games
علي نطاق واسع on a large scale الميدالية البرونزية فى الجودو the bronze for judo
فى الموقف الحالى in the current situation يلعب الجودو do judo
يحطم الرقم القياسى beat the record لائق بدنيا keep fit
تدفع بالرياضة للأمام drive the sport forward يبلى بلاءا حسنا do very well
يسجل نقاط score points يضع هدفا set them a target
التغطية التلفيفزيونية TV coverage يحقق ـ يصنع تاريخ make a history
يتصل بـ have contact with إلى أى مدى أدى جيدا؟ how well did he do ?
يطرح شخصا علي الأرض throw someone onto the ground بسعر معقول أو رخيص at a reasonable price
يكون مقرها في be based in يكون معرض لـ be exposed to
معتمد علي be based on يميل الي tend to


Exercise


Choose the correct answer from a , b , c , or d :
At the 2008 Olympic games , Hisham Mesbah won the …………. Medal . He came third.
a- metal b- bronze c- gold d- silver
Egypt had not won a medal for judo ………….. .
a- at b- to c- over d- for
The player won the gold medal when he came ……………… .
a- first b- second c- third d- last
Hisham Mesbah …………….. the Olympic games in 2004 .
a- won b- wins c- has won d- had won
Between 2004 and 2008 , Hisham Mesbah …………. Really hard .
a- ran b- jumped c-pulled d- trained
Tamer plays two sports : Swimming and …………… .
a- chess b- cards c- rowing d- backgammon
Tamer enjoys ……………. Squash .
a- play b- played c- playing d- plays
I play tennis ……….. at least twice a week .
a- regulary b- rarely c- seldom d- barely

Most people feel ………. When athelets from their country do well in the Olympics .
a-shy b- ashamed c- angry d- proud
Swimming and cycling are very good forms of ……….. .
a- reading b- sports c- business d- selling
The swimmer hoped he would win the race , but he came third and won the ……. Medal
a- gold b- silver c- bronze d- metal
……….. is a Japanese sport which is a kind of fighting .
a- running b- judo c- rowing d- skiing
Sorry, my phone was turned ……… .
a- on b- in c- off d- out
It's the first medal Egypt has won ………. Judo since 1984 .
a- on b- in c- to d- for
He looked so ……….. when he received hismedal , didn't he ?
a- pride b- proud c- shy d- ashamed
How ………….. did he do there ?
a- better b- best c- well d- good
How well did he do in the Olympic games ? he came ……….. .
a- seven b- seventy c- seventeenth d- seventeen
It's a very good exercise, so it helped me to ………. Fit .
a- keep b- put c- set d- do
To (take part – take care – take turns – take place) means to do an activity with other people.
A (gold – bronze – silver – iron) medal is a medal for being third in an Olympic race
They visit their grandparents (regularly – improperly – bitterly – elderly).
I play tennis (regularly – seldom – hardly – rarely) at least twice a week.
Swimming and cycling are very good forms of (advertise – compromise – merchandise – exercise).
( Swimming – Jogging – Camping – Judo) is a Japanese sport which is a kind of fighting.
( Boxing – Fixing – Mixing – Taxing ) is a sport in which two men wearing gloves hit each other
To ( take turns – take place – take off – take part ) means to do something one after the other.
The Olympic Games ( takes part – takes turns – takes off - takes place ) every 4 years.
My plane ( takes place – takes off – takes part – takes care ) at 10.30 tomorrow.
I couldn't take ( part – role – place – action ) in the race because I had broken my leg.
In our English class, the students usually ( make – do - take – play ) turns to answer the teacher's questions.
In school trips, the older students usually take ( part - care – after – place) of the younger ones.
Last night, our plane took ( down – up - off – forward ) two hours late because of bad weather.
Egypt ( beat – gained – earned – lost ) Italy by 1/0.
Your job ( sounds – tastes – smells – sees ) really interesting.
International sport can ( afford – admire – benefit – distribute ) individuals and their countries.
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Find the mistakes in the following sentences and correct them:
1- I watching TV in the evening.
2- We use the calculator for do the sums
3- We have been learn English for five years
4- He drinks a cup oftea a moment ago .
5- You should not make troubles in the class .
6- I had to buy some sugar as there was not some left .
7- Ibraheem missed the bus so he got up late
8- I admire my grandmother most than any other person.
9- I saw the film.Then you come.
10- It is raining yesterday.
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A) Translate into Arabic:
We are most successful at things we enjoy. So you should try to enjoy your work. Think how happy you will be when you have reached your goals. Think about that happiness while you are working and you will enjoy your work.
b) Translate into English :
القراءة للجميع من المشروعات القومية التي تساعد الملايين في كل مكان على القراءة الحرة




Grammar



Present Perfect المضـــارع التـام
المضـارع التـام :ـ هـو فعــل حــدث فى الماضـى ومـازال له أثــر أو نتيجـة تـدل عليـه ويتكـون مـن :



I have studied English. She has cooked lunch.
We have done out homework. They have mended their car.
الكلمـات الدالـة عليـه :ـ



just – already – recently – lately - so far – ever - never – yet – since – for


He has just arrived. They haven't won the prize so far.
She has already finished work. We have already bought a new car.

She just ( leave ) the house. ( Correct )
She has just left the house. ( Negative )
تنـفـى just - already بــ not -- -- -- yet مـع حـذفهمـا .
She hasn't left the house yet.


just = a moment ago = a short time ago


He has just arrived. ( a moment ago )
I arrived a moment ago.

I ever ( meet ) my friends. ( Correct )
I have ever met my friends. ( Negative )
تنـفـى ever بـــ never مــع حـذفهــا .
I have never met my friends.
Recently Lately
تستخـدمـان بمعنى فى المـاضى القريـب وغـالبـا تستخـدم lately فى النفـى .
I have been to Cairo recently. I haven't met him lately.
Have you gone to Luxor lately / recently ?
Have been ذهـب وعـاد Have gone ذهـب ولم يعـد
He has been to London . ( He is here now )
He has gone to London . ( He is there now )




Since & For


12 o’clock two hours
october four months
7th august three weeks
Since 2000 For 8 years
he arrived ages
then a long time
last ……………... the last …………..

For ( بعــدهـا مـده زمنيـه كـامـلة ( محـدده
I have played for two hours. She has studied for five hours.
I have studied English for the last week.
لاحــظ : استخــدام for فى هـذه الجمـلة لوجــود the قبــل المـدة الزمنيــة .

Since ( بعـدهـا بدايـة مـده زمنيـة ( غيـر محـددة
He has travelled since 1995.
He has learned to drive since last month.
كما تستخـدم since كـأداة ربــط .

مضــارع تــام since ماضى بسيـــط

I have played football since I was seven.
She has studied English since she finished secondary school.

I last met Ahmed when we were at school. ( since )
I haven't met Ahmed since we were at school.

The last time I played football was in 2000. ( since )
I haven't played football since 2000.
ملحوظـة :ـ عنــد استخـدام for بــدلا مـن since والعكــس نتبـع الآتى .
I have taught English since 1992. ( for )
I have taught English for 13 years.

She has travelled for ten years. ( since )
She has travelled since 1995.

I haven't visited my friend for a long time. ( since )
ملحوظـة :ـ عنــد استخـدام since بــدلا مـن for مـع وجـود مـدة زمنية غيـر معـلومة نستخـدم :ـ

It is + فتـرة زمنية + since + ماضى بسيـط



It is a long time since I visited my friend.

I haven't met him for ten years. ( It's )
It's ten years since I met him.
ملحوظـة :ـ عنـد استخــدام ago بــدلا مــن since – for نستخــدم .


( to + inf ) or ( v + ing ) +
started
began


She has learnt English for seven years. ( ago )
She began to learn English seven years ago.





Present Perfect continuous المضـارع التـام المستمـر

المضـارع التـام المستمـر :ـ هــو فعــل بـدأ فـى المـاضى ومـا زال مستمـرا حتى الآن ويتكـون مـن :


الكلمـات الدالـة عليـه:-
All + ( فتـرة زمنيـة ) - since – for – الأفعـال التى تستغـرق وقــت
She's been watching TV all the evening.
My father has been staying in England for two years now.
I've been studying science since six o'clock.
للســـؤال نستخـدم :-
How long ( have ) + ( اســم ـ ضميـر ) + been + ( v + ing ) ?

I have been learning English for ten years. ( Ask a questions )
How long have you been learning English ?




Exercise
put the verbs in brackets into the correct form .

1- They just ( arrive ) from New York .
2- I now ( study ) your proposals and regret I can't accept them .
3- We already ( have ) breakfast .
4- They ( live ) here since January .
5- We ( wait ) on the platform since three o'clock .
6- She ( write ) letters all morning , but I ( not start ) to write any yet .
7- How long you ( stay ) in that old hotel ?
8- They ( work ) in the same hotel for 20 years now .
9- I ( shop ) all the morning , but I ( not buy ) anything yet .
10- He ( write ) a book for the last six months , but ( make ) very little progress so far .
11- He ( be ) in prison for a year .
12- You ever ( read ) "Al Ayam" ?
13- We ( fish ) for two hours now .
14- How many times you ( be ) to the cinema this week ?

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Exercise
Find the mistake in each of the following sentences and write it correctly:
He haven't emailed us since last month .
It's along time since he has been written to me .
We haven't meet for five years .
She has last visited me when she was 10 years old .
He last visit us when my father came back home .
It's a year since he has phoned us .
He has studied English since five years .
I haven't play tennis for a week .
He has gone to London in 1995 .
I last visited my grandmother for three weeks .
My father has been travelling abroad six times in the last two months.
My brother has just been passing his university exams – that's why he looks so happy.
He lives in London for 20 years now and he doesn't intend to move.
I'm sorry my clothes are dirty. I clean my garage.
I phone my uncle since 8 o'clock this morning. I wonder what the matter is.
I didn't see my cousin since the last school holiday.
That’s the worst place I’ve never visit.
I haven’t talked to him since he leaves school.
It’s the first time he is flying in a helicopter.
How long is it since you are meeting him?
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Test 9

A- Language Functions
1) Respond to the following situations:
1- You want Ahmad to tell you about the subjects he studies at school.
2- Your friend thinks that football is the most interesting sport, you agree.
3- Someone asks you what your father does.
4- You advise your sister about her exam.
2) Say where these mini dialogues take place and who the speakers are:

1- A: So you want to borrow L.E 20000. Why do you want the the money?
B: I want to buy some more land. Thus, I can expand my business.
A: well, we can certainly lend you the money, but we need to see
a business plan to show that you can repay the money within the next five years.

2- A: hell! Can I help you, sir?
B: Yes, I'd like to have a single room, please?
A: With or without a bathroom?
B: With a bathroom
B- Vocabulary and Structutre
3) Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:

1- The games were stopped because the ……………….. were only interested in money .
a- athletic b- athletics c- athletes' d- athletes
2- The game can bring a lot of attention to the country and lots of money from the visitors TV…….. , etc.
a- covers b- coverage c- coverall d- cover
3- The Olympic Games are a way for people to have ………… with other nations and come together.
a- connect b- tied c- connection d- contact
4- It's hard for the Olympic Games to stay ………… because the athletes need to train a lot to be
good enough to compete .
a- professional b- amateur c- boring d- specialists
5- If they were never paid , fewer people would participate and possibly………Records would be beaten
a- more b- most c- fewer d- best
6- Athletes need to be determined and willing to make large …………. Including not having much
contact with their families .
a- sacrifices b- benefits c- interest d- gaining
7- The festival allows people to appreciate athletes from ………… countries .
a- other b- another c- others d- else
8- One advantage of international games is to allow smaller or poorer nations to ……………. .
a- fail b- lose c- withdraw d- excel
9- The kettle has been boiling …………… a quarter of an hour .
a- for b- since c- ago d- yet
10- The central heating has been on …………… October .
a- for b- since c- ago d- yet
11- That trunk has been in the hall …………… a year .
a- for b- since c- ago d- yet
12- He …………. Tennis since he was young .
a- is played b- had played c- has been playing d- is playing
13- You are here. Where have you ………………?
a- been b- went c- gone d- sent
14- It ………. Hard . It hasn't stopped yet .
a- has rained b- rained c- was raining d- has been raining
15- The last time I ……….. Hossam was two days ago .
a- met b- have met c- meet d- will meet
16- How long has your father ………………………for this company? – For 10 years.
a- been worked b– work c– been working d– to work
4) Find the mistake in each of the following sentences and write it correctly:

1- I has studies English for five years .
2- They just have finished .
3- I haven't eaten my lunch just .
4- Athletes were only interested in money , so , in 349 , the Games were stopped .
5- The Olympics were only for professionals: no one was paid to take part .
(C) Reading Comprehension and Set Books
5) Read and then write notes on the passage:
Scotland was an independent country until 1707. It joined England as part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain. Many Scots want the country to be independent again. Nearly five million people live in Scotland. They all speak English with a Scottish accent. Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland. Scotland has a modem sports centre and two well-known football teams. Every year there are many festivals and the largest is the Edinburgh Interactional Festival of Drama and Music.


Country Scotland
Part of … (1) …
Capital … (2) …
Population … (3) …
Name of its people … (4) …
Language … (5) …
The famous festival … (6) …


6) Read the following passage, then answer the questions:
During a recent car trip, I pulled into a rest area and was approached by a dirty man who asked for money to get petrol for his car. I rejected his appeal rationalizing that to give money to beggars would be to encourage a practice already on a disturbing rise in our country.
Later, I had a change of heart, I handed the man ten pounds and wished him well, but I couldn't bring myself to grasp the outstretched hand he offered in appreciation. People begin and end almost every interaction with handshakes. Handshaking has become a thing of the past and increasingly dangerous, too. Risks associated with handshaking have become more threatening than the mere passing of germs from one person to another. It is true that diseases such as hepatitis can not be passed from one person to another through a simple handshake. But what about cold virus? Rather than risk our health unnecessarily, we might adopt an alternative to handshaking. The "namaste"-placing your two palms together with fingers pointed upward- is used throughout much of the world as a display of respect when greeting someone. Similarly, the military salute would permit us to greet each other without touching. As a possible compromise between the "namaste" and the salute, we might consider the familiar Japanese bow.
A) Answer the following questions:
Why does the writer think handshaking is a bad habit?
Why did the writer hesitate to give money to the man?
What is the advantage of a military salute?
Are you with or against handshaking? Why?
B) Choose the correct answer from a, b, c, or d:
According to the writer, we …………… get cold virus by handshaking.
a) can b) can never c) couldn't d) never
"I couldn't bring myself to grasp the outstretched hand" means that the writer …….. hands.
a) stretched b) shook c) didn't shake d) was able to shake
There are ………..… alternatives to handshaking.
a) no b) two c) three d) four
D- The Novel
E- Writing
Cool Write a paragraph of seven (Cool sentences about:
"Living in the new cities"
You may use the following points.
cheap flats - fresh air - lovely parks - wide streets - means of transport - new friends.

Write a paragraph of seven lines about: للفائقين
Co- operation
F- Translation
9) A- Translate into Arabic:
Exercise is essential for the young and the old alike . Physical fitness and reasonable weight are fixed criteria for good health . Physical fitness can delay aging .
B- Translate into English:
علينـا أن نعـلم أولادنـا الإعتمـاد علـى النفـس والثقـة بالنفـس .
تعتبـر الألعـاب الأولمبيـة مهرجانا رياضيا يقام كل أربع سنـوات، تتنافس فيـه العـديد من الدول
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 
المنهج كامل 2ث ج6
استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1

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